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Newsletter No. 1-07 (Jan. 2007)   Page 4 of 5 / Sidan 4 av 5. [back to page 1] Arcive/Arkiv: [1]


This newsletter is written in order to spread experiences within the topic of historic textiles and reconstructions. Our ambition is to amuse you and stimulate interest in the 18th Century. Durán Textiles, who is mainly working with museum collections and Royal Castles, was founded in 2002 by CEO and production manager Laila Durán, with co-worker artist Torkel Henriksson who is doing the artworks and preparing the designs for production. Our production is done mostly in India supervised by Duran Textiles inspectors. 
- The articles are mainly written by Laila Durán but we also have help from colleagues and specialists from several museums and universities.  In the future this newsletter will be distributed four times a year and is free of charge. We hope you will enjoy our stories and offers and help us to spread the letter to friends and colleagues. Contact:

Detta nyhetsbrev skrivs för att sprida erfarenheter inom ämnet rekonstruktioner av historiska textiler och 1700-talet. Ambitionen är att roa och stimulera intresset. Durán Textiles har varit verksamt sedan 2002 och arbetar med projekt för Kungliga Slott och museisamlingar i hela Skandinavien. Laila Durán är VD och projektledare, Torkel Henriksson arbetar med originalen och alla förlagor för tryck och väv. På plats i Indien, där de flesta av tygerna produceras, finns Durán Textiles egna inspektörer.
- Artiklarna skrivs huvudsakligen av Laila Durán men vi får även hjälp av kollegor och specialister från olika muséer och universitet.  Nyhetsbrevet kommer i fortsättningen att komma ut fyra gånger per år och är helt kostnadsfritt. Vi hoppas ni ska uppskatta våra artiklar och erbjudanden och även sprida informationen vidare till Era vänner. Kontakt:



The Order of the Pug (Mopsorden) by Anna Löfgren

The Order of the Pug was a para-Masonic society founded by Roman Catholics. It is believed that it was founded in 1740 by Klemens August of Bavaria to bypass the papual bull Eminenti Apostolatus Specula of 1738.
It was probably a way to let the Freemasons social meetings continue. Some of the Freemasons rules, especially the ceremonial oath, was omitted, and instead they created a ceremonial which was an ironic joke with the Freemasons rituals.
The constitution of the Order of the Pug demanded that women should be allowed as members, as long as they were Catholics. All members had to be Roman-Catholics and the Orders grand master was a man, but in our modern time of equality its interesting to know that in every lodge there should be two lodge masters or Big Pugs, one man and one woman. The lodge was guided for half a year by the man and the next half by the woman.
Members called themselves Pugs and carried a Pug medallion made of silver. The novices were initiated wearing a dog collar, and they had to scratch at the door to get in. The novices were then blindfolded and led around a carpet with symbols on it nine times while the Pugs of the Order barked loudly and yelled “Memento mori” (remember you shall die) to test the steadiness of the newcomers. During the initiation, the novices was asked if he or she wanted to kiss the Grandmasters or a Pug’s (porcelain) backside under its tail as an expression of total devotion.
The Orders only purposes was loyalty, faith, discretion, steadiness, tenderness, mildness, human kindness -  in fact all the qualities fundamental for good friendship. The pug was chosen as a symbol of loyalty, trustworthiness and steadiness.
In 1745, in Amsterdam, a disclosure script was published anonymously but written by Abbé Gabriel Louis Calabre Perau with the title L’ordre des Franc-Macons trahi et le Secret des Mopses rélélé which included the ritual and two graphics.
The extension and active time of the Order can’t be determined, but the Order was forbidden in Göttingen in 1748. Probably it didn’t survive it’s protector, the elector of Cologne Clemens August of Wittelsbach, who died in 1761.

Why the Pug?
Before the pug came to Europe, which was during the renaissance, it has a long story behind. In Chinese literature from 800th century you can read about dogs with short noses, lo-sze, and beside the Pekingeser, which was one of the royal palaces favourite dogs, there is also a short-haired dwarf dog which should be the ancestor of our pug. It was spread to the Asian countries and on different ways, for instance Turkey, it didn’t come to Europe until the 16th century. Thanks to the early import of the pug to Holland thru the Dutch-East Asian trade company, the pug was known and became popular in this country. A certain historical occurrence promoted to this.
During the Dutch war of independence in the 1570ies the duke of Alba tried to force the prince Vilhelm of Oranias camp. During complete silence the assailants nearly had reached the princes tent, when his pug woke up, started to yelp and whine and jumped up on the princes face in his bed. The princes life was saved thanks to the pugs vigilance. The attack was hit back and the pug became a national hero. When the princes grandson became king of England 1688 the pug followed as a court dog and became very popular outside the court among the upper class women as a lapdog thru the whole 18th century.

The annual book of Kulturen i Lund from 1976, article ”Till mopsens kulturhistoria” by Nils Palmborg.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia, article ”The Order of the Pug”.



The poet John Gay wrote in 1728 a little charming poem of a pugs destiny:

“Poor Pug was caught, to town conveyed,
There sold. How envied was his doom,
Made captive in a lady’s room.”



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